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Export Office 365 users MFA status with PowerShell

We want to get a list of users with MFA status. By checking that, we are sure how many users have MFA enabled and which method they used. If you have not yet enabled MFA in your Microsoft 365/Azure tenant, you should do this immediately! In this article, you will learn how to export Office 365 users MFA status to CSV file.

Check MFA status in Microsoft 365 admin center

Let’s look at Microsoft 365 and check the MFA user status. Sign in to Microsoft 365 admin center. Navigate to Users > Active Users > Multi-factor authentication.

Export Office 365 users MFA status with PowerShell Microsoft 365 admin center

A new page will open, and it will show all the users and their multi-factor auth status. In our example, we have a couple of users MFA enabled, and MFA enforced. Most of the users have MFA disabled.

Export Office 365 users MFA status with PowerShell Multi Factor Authentication

Why we do not recommend you to use the multi-factor authentication web page for information:

  • Not shown if the users did finish the MFA process
  • It does not indicate which MFA authorization option the user enabled
  • No chance for export to CSV file

Note: If you see that MFA is enabled or enforced, it does not mean that MFA is configured.

The PowerShell script can’t identify the MFA status if it’s enabled with Conditional Access. That’s because Microsoft did not provide a way for that.

Is there a better way to have an insight into the MFA instead of the Microsoft 365 page? Yes, there is, and that’s when PowerShell will come to the rescue. In the next step, we will show how to create an MFA report.

Multi-Factor Authentication status

All users start out Disabled. When you enroll users in per-user Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication, their state changes to Enabled. When enabled users sign in and complete the registration process, their state changes to Enforced. Administrators may move users between states Enforced, Enabled, and Disabled.

  • Disabled
    The default state for a user not enrolled in per-user Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication.
  • Enabled
    The user is enrolled in per-user Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication, but can still use their password for legacy authentication. If the user hasn’t yet registered MFA authentication methods, they receive a prompt to register the next time they sign in using modern authentication (such as via a web browser).
  • Enforced
    The user is enrolled per-user in Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication. If the user hasn’t yet registered authentication methods, they receive a prompt to register the next time they sign in using modern authentication (such as via a web browser). Users who complete registration while in the Enabled state are automatically moved to the Enforced state.

Connect to Azure Active Directory

Before we can proceed further and get the MFA status for all the users, we need to install and connect to Azure AD with PowerShell (MsolService).

Start Windows PowerShell as administrator and run the cmdlet Connect-MsolService.

PS C:> Connect-MsolService

Now that we are connected, we can go to the next step.

Prepare Get-MFAReport PowerShell script

Create two folders on the (C:) drive:

  • Temp
  • Scripts

Download the Get-MFAReport.ps1 PowerShell script and place it in C:\scripts folder. The script will export the CSV file to the C:\temp folder.

Another option is to copy and paste the below code into Notepad. Give it the name Get-MFAReport.ps1 and place it in the C:\scripts folder.

Write-Host "Finding Azure Active Directory Accounts..."
$Users = Get-MsolUser -All | Where-Object { $_.UserType -ne "Guest" }
$Report = [System.Collections.Generic.List[Object]]::new() # Create output file
Write-Host "Processing" $Users.Count "accounts..." 
ForEach ($User in $Users) {

    $MFADefaultMethod = ($User.StrongAuthenticationMethods | Where-Object { $_.IsDefault -eq "True" }).MethodType
    $MFAPhoneNumber = $User.StrongAuthenticationUserDetails.PhoneNumber
    $PrimarySMTP = $User.ProxyAddresses | Where-Object { $_ -clike "SMTP*" } | ForEach-Object { $_ -replace "SMTP:", "" }
    $Aliases = $User.ProxyAddresses | Where-Object { $_ -clike "smtp*" } | ForEach-Object { $_ -replace "smtp:", "" }

    If ($User.StrongAuthenticationRequirements) {
        $MFAState = $User.StrongAuthenticationRequirements.State
    }
    Else {
        $MFAState = 'Disabled'
    }

    If ($MFADefaultMethod) {
        Switch ($MFADefaultMethod) {
            "OneWaySMS" { $MFADefaultMethod = "Text code authentication phone" }
            "TwoWayVoiceMobile" { $MFADefaultMethod = "Call authentication phone" }
            "TwoWayVoiceOffice" { $MFADefaultMethod = "Call office phone" }
            "PhoneAppOTP" { $MFADefaultMethod = "Authenticator app or hardware token" }
            "PhoneAppNotification" { $MFADefaultMethod = "Microsoft authenticator app" }
        }
    }
    Else {
        $MFADefaultMethod = "Not enabled"
    }
  
    $ReportLine = [PSCustomObject] @{
        UserPrincipalName = $User.UserPrincipalName
        DisplayName       = $User.DisplayName
        MFAState          = $MFAState
        MFADefaultMethod  = $MFADefaultMethod
        MFAPhoneNumber    = $MFAPhoneNumber
        PrimarySMTP       = ($PrimarySMTP -join ',')
        Aliases           = ($Aliases -join ',')
    }
                 
    $Report.Add($ReportLine)
}

Write-Host "Report is in c:\temp\MFAUsers.csv"
$Report | Select-Object UserPrincipalName, DisplayName, MFAState, MFADefaultMethod, MFAPhoneNumber, PrimarySMTP, Aliases | Sort-Object UserPrincipalName | Out-GridView
$Report | Sort-Object UserPrincipalName | Export-CSV -Encoding UTF8 -NoTypeInformation "c:\temp\MFAUsers.csv"

This is how it looks.

Export Office 365 users MFA status with PowerShell scripts folder

Run Get-MFAReport PowerShell script

Get MFA status for all users with PowerShell. Change the path to the scripts folder. After that, run the script Get-MFAReport.ps1.

PS C:\> cd c:\scripts\
PS C:\scripts> .\Get-MFAReport.ps1

Out-GridView

An Out-GridView will show columns with users and much more information than in the Microsoft 365 multi-factor authentication page.

Export Office 365 users MFA status with PowerShell Out-GridView

Open MFA Users report CSV file

The Get-MFAReport.ps1 PowerShell script will export Office 365 users MFA status to CSV file. Find the file MFAUsers.csv in the path C:\temp.

CSV file temp folder

Open the CSV file with your favorite application. In our example, it’s Microsoft Excel.

Export Office 365 users MFA status with PowerShell CSV file

The MFA status report looks excellent.

Important: Don’t forget to enforce MFA for all the users in the tenant! It’s a must to protect the organization from brute force attacks and sign-ins.

Did this help you to export Office 365 users MFA status to CSV file?

Read more: Office 365 Recommended Configuration Analyzer »

Conclusion

You learned how to export MFA status Office 365 users with PowerShell. Get the MFA status report with Get-MFAReport PowerShell script and have a close look through it. Force MFA for all the users and check that they use the Authenticator app, which is Microsoft’s recommendation.

Did you enjoy this article? You may also like Install Exchange Online PowerShell V2. Don’t forget to follow us and share this article.

ALI TAJRAN

ALI TAJRAN

ALI TAJRAN is a passionate IT Architect, IT Consultant, and Microsoft Certified Trainer. He started Information Technology at a very young age, and his goal is to teach and inspire others. Read more »

This Post Has 41 Comments

  1. Hi, thanks for the script.
    My scenario needs more values.
    Department, Licenses, State, Company and Last Login Date.

    i have added
    $ReportLine = [PSCustomObject] @{
    LastLogon = [datetime]::fromfiletime($logon)
    Department = $User.Department
    Licenses = $LicenseInfo
    Country = $User.Country
    Company = $Users.Company
    Licenses info is a empty and LastLogon show 01.01.1601 02:00:00
    what am i doing wrong ?

  2. Hi Ali,
    Thanks for the script , i have tried in test environment. it is working fine. i want to filter the users directly from the script based on the Department ,Country, Job Title, Region. can you help on this?

  3. Hi all,
    i have 1almost 1000 tenants with various active users – i need to see all the tenants active users MFA status.
    i never tryed scripting, is there any video explaining it.
    i am using 365 AD

  4. Hi Ali and many thanks for the script.
    It’s possible to add JobTitle information on the script, please?

  5. Hello Ali,

    Is there an alternative to get this information with ms graph for example?
    I have looked at the /reports/authenticationMethods/userRegistrationDetails and /reports/credentialUserRegistrationDetails but I cant figure out the Enforced status from them.

  6. I noticed that this shows only one MFA Method for each user. If a user has multiple MFA options configured in their myaccount.microsoft.com or their aka.ms/MFASetup user screens, then only one is selected for your report.

  7. To hide guest and disabled accounts we changed line 2 to this:

    $Users = Get-MsolUser -All | Where-Object { ($_.UserType -ne "Guest") -and (-not($_.BlockCredential)) }
  8. Quesstion,

    this script will not show if a user enabled mfa on their own accord, this will only show if we manually went in and selected “enabled” on the per user mfa screen?

    If that is the case is there a way to add to this report something to tell us that this user has *some kind of* mfa enabled, even though it wasnt done via the normal admin enabling mfa for the user?

    Also would be good if this report could exclude disabled users.

    1. I updated the script. It will show if the user manually configured MFA. Note that MFA will not appear for the user if the administrator doesn’t enable/enforce MFA for the user.

      To exclude disabled users from the MFA report, change line 2

      from:

      $Users = Get-MsolUser -All | Where-Object { $_.UserType -ne "Guest" }

      to:

      $Users = Get-MsolUser -All | Where-Object { $_.UserType -ne "Guest" -and $_.isLicensed -eq "True" -and $_.BlockCredential -ne "True" }
  9. Hi Ali,

    Is it possible to add the mailbox type (usermailbox or shared mailbox) to the report. I was playing with $User.RecipientType or RecipientTypeDetails but I can’t get it right.

    What can I do to add it to the script?

    Thanks in advance!

    Rudi

  10. Hi Ali,
    since i am using an Unicode language , how do i make the csv report to dispaly the characters since they displayed as ???? . suppose a command to use UTF-8.
    Regards

    Udi

    1. You’re welcome, Abdush.

      The script will create a report for per-user Office 365 Multi-Factor Authentication. I use the Get-MFAReport.ps1 script in different organizations, and it always gives me the correct values.

      It looks like you use Azure Conditional Access Policy for MFA. However, the script will not work for it. At the moment, it’s not possible to create an accurate script when using Azure Conditional Access Policy for MFA.

      Read more on how to move from per-user MFA to Conditional Access MFA.

      1. Abdush is correct. Users can choose for themselfs to setup MFA, and after that they will still showup as ‘disabled’ in the MFA portal (second picure on this page).

        In the MFA portal, you just indicate if MFA is required. And indeed, this can also be enforced by a conditional access policy.

        1. When a user chooses to use MFA, that doesn’t mean the user will be “Enabled” or “Enforced”. That’s why it’s correct that it will show the MFA status for that user as “Disabled” in the Microsoft 365 MFA portal.

          You still have to “Enable” or “Enforce” the user from the Microsoft 365 MFA portal or with PowerShell. After that, it will apply MFA to the user.

          That’s how it works and is the correct behavior.

  11. Hi Ali,

    Thank you for this detailed article.
    Is it possible to include the date of when MFA was enabled on the report? can you please assist with editing the script if is possible.

    Thank you.

  12. Great work. but I have users who are enforced, they is using Hardware token (I configured it last week) but your script is showing “Enforced”,”Not enabled”. What might be wrong here? Thank you

    1. Difficult to tell as I can’t reproduce it myself.

      I do have tokens and I tested it right now. It shows the user as “Enforced – Authenticator app or hardware token”.

  13. Hello Ali,

    Thank you for this detailed article.

    I would like to have user’s email populated as one more attribute.

    Please help out with the script for that.

  14. Brilliant! Thank you, Ali!

    I need to add UserPrincipalName to the output. I have tried various syntax but have not been successful. Please help!

    1. Change line 2

      from:

      $Users = Get-MsolUser -All | Where-Object { $_.UserType -ne "Guest" }

      to:

      $Users = Get-MsolUser -All | Where-Object { ($_.UserType -ne "Guest") -and ($_.isLicensed -eq "True") }

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